Recommended Shanghe Map of the Qingming Festival
The work uses scattered perspective composition, which vividly records the urban appearance of Bianjing (also known as Tokyo, now Kaifeng, Henan Province) and the living conditions of all walks of society at that time. They are the witness to the prosperity of the capital Bianjing in the heyday of the Northern Song Dynasty.
The Riverside Scene during the Qingming Dynasty depicts the situation of the capital of Tokyo (now Kaifeng, Henan Province) during the Northern Song Dynasty, mainly in the natural scenery and prosperity of Bianjing and along both sides of the Bianhe River.
Qingming ShangRiver is a folk custom at that time, like today's festival gathering, people to participate in trade activities. The whole picture is roughly divided into three parts: the spring outside of Bianjing, the Bianhe sc
It is rich and depicts things.
"Qingming Riverside Map" in the method of expression, by constantly moving the point of view, that is, "scattered point perspective" to absorb the required scene. Large to the vast fields, vast rivers, towering city guo, fine to the nails on the cart, small goods, vendors on the city, harmonious organization into a unified whole, officials, agriculture, commerce, medicine, medicine, Bu, monks, Tao, officials, women, children, poles, cables and other figures and donkeys, cattle, camels and other livestock. There are fairs, buying, wandering, drinking, gathering, pushing, boat, pulling, sedan chair, horse riding and other plots. Painting the streets and alleys, shops, hotels, teahouses, snack shops and other miscellaneous Chen, as well as city tower, river port, Bridges, cargo ships, official mansion and Maoshed village dense.
On the number of people painted in the Qingming Festival, different, common more than 500 people said (Bai Shouyi "General History of China"), 815 people said (Tang You often number meter method), 1695 people said (Qi Teng Qian "humble language volume eight"), in addition, more than sixty kinds of livestock, more than twenty wooden boats, more than thirty houses and pavilions, carts and cars, various statements are more consistent. Such a rich and colorful content is rare in the ancient paintings. All kinds of characters are engaged in various activities, not only in different clothes, but also in different expressions and temperament and arranged with various activities, which are full of dramatic plot conflicts, so that the viewer can see, with endless aftertaste.
The structure of the whole painting is rigorous, long but not redundant. The painting has rich and colorful content, prominent main body and integrated whole volume; Each character, scene and detail in the painting are arranged reasonably, so as to achieve the overall effect of complexity but not complexity, and more but not chaos, which also highlights the author's profound painting skills from the side.
Complex but not chaotic, clear paragraphs, dense, complex and simple, dynamic and static, gathering and scattering and other picture relations are handled properly, which fully shows the painter's deep insight into social life and high picture organization and control ability. From the content, this painting belongs to genre painting and also has the characteristics of genre painting, which provides a reference for the development of genre painting in the late Song Dynasty.
First of all, it depicts Beirong people and shows the appearance of the market. Secondly, Zhang Zeduan tries to show Huizong of Song Dynasty some persistent social diseases through the picture of the river during the Qingming Festival. Although the economy of the Northern Song Dynasty is prosperous, there are still people at the bottom of society, life is still difficult, and the economy is not as rich as it appears. It is a "prosperous and dangerous map" with a sense of hardship.
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